One of the most horrific bombing raids every carried by the Allies against Nazi Germany was the bombing of the German city Dresden. The city was bombed three times in twenty-four hours. Dresden was known as the cultural center of Germany. The city had been spared up to 1945 since it was located in far Eastern Germany. As a result, the city filled with refugees from the western sector and children sent there for their protection.
Incendiary bombs created a firestorm with temperatures reaching 1,500 degrees (F) in the streets.
Over 800,000 people were in Dresden at the time of the raids. Over 25,000 civilians were killed in the bombing. The toll was almost as much as the death toll in London for the entire London Blitz. The bombing of Dresden remains one of the most controversial Allied decisions in the European Theater.