October 29, 2013
October 28, 2013
Europe has been hit by one of the worst storms in decades. Britian was particularly hard hit with winds hitting 99 mph as the storm came in from the Atlantic. At least two are dead and near a half a million are without power. The entire transportation system has been disrupted with huge number of road closures, train tracks filled with fallen trees and dozens of flights canceled out of Heathrow.
MailOnline has the latest photographs from the historic storm.
October 27, 2013
What is being called by the British Media as the "St Jude's Day' storm is threatening to become one of worst storms since the disastrous 1987 storm that devastated sections of Europe. Winds of up to 90mph are expected across the Southern part of England, Eastern France and the Netherlands.
Planes and trains have been canceled and people are being urged to stay at home. The initial impacts are already hitting the shores of England. Flooding, wind damage and power failures are expected over a wide region.
October 25, 2013
Next week will mark the one year anniversary of Hurricane Sandy. The storm was the worse ever to hit New York, New York City and New Jersey. The statistics on the Hurricane are astounding. Over 150 people died in those areas. The damage from the storm was $68 billion making it the second worse disaster to every hit the United States. Only Hurricane Katrina did more damage.
In New York:
-Near two million people were without power.
-Seven subway tunnels under the East River were flooded
-The Battery, Holland and Midtown Tunnels were totally flooded.
-Entire sections of Lower Manhattan were flooded by the record storm surge of 14 feet.
-Waves were measured at 32 feet in New York Harbor.
-Severe gas shortages hit the area and rationing was implemented by government.
-Two hospitals were closed and flooded.
-The New York Stock Exchange was closed for two days.
-New York City Schools were closed for four days.
-Over 100,000 homes were destroyed and severely damaged.
-The Stature of Liberty and Ellis Island were heavily damaged in the storm
-Over 100 homes were burned down in Breezy Point
-250,000 vehicles were destroyed by the storm.
In New Jersey:
-It was the worse disaster in New Jersey's history
-over 350,000 homes were destroyed or severely damaged.
-two million people lost power.
-the highest recorded wind in NJ history of 90mph
-Atlantic City Casinos were closed for three days.
-damage was $36.8 billion.
-almost every boardwalk suffered heavy damage
-the Palisades Medical Center had to be evacuated.
-The city of Hoboken was totally flooded and the National Guard to be called for rescues.
-Rivers and inlets felt the record storm surge and flooded inland.
-14 homes burned down in Mantoloking
-the rail operations center of NJ Transit flooded and 64 engines and 257 rail cars destroyed.
October 24, 2013
Weather.com shares with us more about the wonderfully weird world of weather. This time they picked the five biggest coincidences in American weather history. These are five amazing stories. Do you have any to add?
1. Two Tropical Storms Named Allison Hits Same Area Of Texas
Our first wild weather coincidence comes from southeast Texas. In June 1989, Tropical Storm Allison rolled into the Houston area. Once ashore, the storm meandered around East Texas and western Louisiana for days, unleashing rainfall amounts of 10 to 25 inches across a broad area. Eleven people died in Texas, Louisiana, and Mississippi – all due to flood-related causes – and over half a billion dollars in damage resulted from the freshwater deluge.
Then, 12 years later, another tropical storm named Allison took a very similar track from the western Gulf of Mexico north into the Houston area. This time, Greater Houston itself took an even bigger hit from prolonged torrents, piling up 10 to 30 inches of rainfall; not far away, over 40 inches fell on one spot near Beaumont. A second area of 10 to 30 inches of rain pounded much of southeast Louisiana and south Mississippi.
The 2001 version of Allison took 23 lives in Texas alone. The damage was far more severe than in 1989, amounting to $9 billion as tens of thousands of cars and homes were flooded in and around Houston.
Members of the World Meteorological Organization ultimately decided that this was enough to retire "Allison" as a tropical cyclone name, making it the first and only Atlantic tropical system to be retired for storm-related reasons without becoming a hurricane.
In yet another eerie twist of fate, "Allison" had replaced "Alicia" on the naming list after Hurricane Alicia had also walloped the Houston area in 1983.
2. Two Monster Tornados Follow The Similar Paths In Different Years And Hit Moore, Oklahoma
More than 1,000 tornadoes touch down in a typical year in America, but only a tiny fraction of them contain truly violent winds.
The most violent tornadoes of all, packing winds over 200 mph and rating EF-5 on the Enhanced Fujita Scale, are particularly rare. Sometimes years pass without one forming anywhere in the U.S., and most people will never see one in their lives.
Unfortunately, that's not the case in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area, one of the most tornado-prone metro areas in the country.
On May 3, 1999, a monster tornado swept in from the southwest. On the old Fujita scale it rated F5 and tore a swath of destruction through the suburbs of Bridge Creek, Newcastle, Moore, Del City, and Midwest City, killing 36 people.
Fourteen years later, another massive and violent tornado, an EF-5, touched down in Newcastle before grinding its way east into Moore, taking another 23 lives. Both tornadoes were billion-dollar disasters.
These two tornadoes' paths crossed within the city limits of Oklahoma City itself, near and just southwest of the intersection of Southwest 149th Street and South May Avenue, in the Cleveland County portion of Oklahoma's capital city. The area is a flat zone of large acreages and widely scattered ranch homes – not the tightly packed subdivisions found just to the north and east, but nevertheless a populated area.
While both tornadoes were roughly (E)F3 to (E)F4 strength in the zone where their paths overlapped, it's still remarkable that two top-rated tornadoes crossed the same chunk of land just 14 years apart.
3. Two Hurricanes Make Landfall On The Same Island The Same Year
While most people remember 2005 as the most hyperactive Atlantic hurricane season in modern memory, the previous season was not exactly a benchwarmer itself.
The 2004 season brought four hurricanes to Florida – three made landfall in the state, and a fourth (Ivan) made landfall just west of the state line in Alabama.
Amazingly, two of those hurricanes crossed the same island on Florida's Atlantic coast. That island is Hutchinson Island, a barrier island along the coast of St. Lucie and Martin counties.
Early on Sept. 5, 2004, Hurricane Frances made landfall on the southern end of the island as a Category 2 storm, packing maximum sustained winds estimated at 105 mph.
Then, late in the day on Sept. 25, 2004 – not quite three weeks later – Hurricane Jeanne made landfall, also on the southern end of this very same island, as a Category 3 storm packing estimated maximum sustained winds of 120 mph.
Both hurricanes caused widespread power outages in Florida; the combined damage tally was over $17 billion, with Frances slightly edging out Jeanne in the damage figure. Frances caused five direct fatalities in Florida to Jeanne's three.
Both storms took a gently curving track northward after landfall and both ultimately brought widespread rainfall to most of the East Coast states, causing significant flood damage in parts of the Mid-Atlantic region.
As a final coincidence – almost certainly an intentional coincidence – both storms had their names retired by the World Meteorological Organization during its spring 2005 meeting.
4. Small Fishing Village In Mexico Takes A Direct Hit From Hurricanes Exactly 25 Years To The Day!
La Pesca is a small fishing town in Mexico, on the shores of the Gulf of Mexico about 150 miles south of the U.S. border.
It was the final landfall point of one of the strongest Atlantic basin hurricanes on record, Hurricane Gilbert. On Sept. 16, 1988, Gilbert, which had been a monster Category 5 storm with the lowest pressure ever observed in the Western Hemisphere up to that point, landed as a Category 3 cyclone at La Pesca.
Despite the direct hit, most of the losses and casualties in Mexico occurred further inland as Gilbert unleashed massive rainfall over the rugged interior in places such as Monterrey.
Twenty-five years later to the day, La Pesca took another direct strike as former Hurricane Ingrid landed as a high-end tropical storm with 65-mph winds on Sept. 16, 2013.
Ingrid also unleashed heavy rain over eastern and northeastern Mexico; in combination with Hurricane Manuel on the Pacific side of the country, Ingrid contributed to a combined death toll of over 100; it may never be fully clear what the delineation is between Ingrid's and Manuel's casualties because of the interaction of the two storms, though most of the deaths were near the Pacific Coast and thus more attributable to Manuel.
5. Codell, Kansas Hit By Tornados On Same Date Three Years In A Row!
Codell is a tiny town on the high plains of western Kansas, about 250 miles west of Kansas City.
It's the site of what is arguably the strangest tornado coincidence of all. Codell, along with the surrounding farmfields of Rooks County's Township 12, was hit by tornadoes on the same date in three consecutive years.
On May 20, 1916, an F2 tornado passed south and east of Codell, destroying barns and unroofing a farm house.
On May 20, 1917, an F3 tornado passed 2 miles west of Codell. According to tornado historian Tom Grazulis, it was described as "an immense cone, with a diameter of two miles." One house was destroyed and another damaged on the same ranch, and many barns were blown away.
On May 20, 1918, an F4 tornado blasted right through Codell. It hit the same ranch as the 1917 tornado outside of town, killing five, before plowing into Codell itself. Buildings in town were torn to shreds, and the property toll in town was far worse than the previous two years; but nobody in town died. Unfortunately, four more people perished northeast of town as the twister continued its rampage through the surrounding farmsteads.
October 11, 2013
Already the monster, Cyclone Phailin, is being called the "Indian Katrina". The storm in the Bay of Bengal is equivalent of a Category Five hurricane. Winds near the center are in the 155mph to 160mph range. The storm is heading directly toward the eastern coastline of India which unfortunately is one of its most populated areas.
The storm is so large it fills the entire Bay of Bengal and is half the size of the entire nation of India. The storm is expected to cause catastrophe damage and hundreds of thousands are in danger. A much weaker cyclone hit fourteen years ago in the same area and over 10,000 people were killed.
A storm surge of over 15 feet is expected to move as far inland as 12 miles!
Cyclone Phailin is expected to make landfall Saturday night in Orissa State which is home to forty million people. Their are over 700 people per square mile in the area
October 07, 2013
A tornado watch has been issued today for New York City Metro area. Over close to three decades there has been only eleven confirmed tornados in New York City. None has ever been stronger than an F-1.
-On September 8, 2012, a tornado occurred in Queens and Brooklyn, yielded by an isolated severe storm in the morning. A combined waterspout event, the tornado originated as a waterspout about 1 mile south of the tip of Breezy Point, Queens, and came onshore as an EF0 tornado in Rockaway Beach. Eventually, the waterspout made landfall as an EF1 tornado in Brooklyn, damaging the neighborhood of Canarsie.
-On August 28, 2011, a weak F0 tornado was confirmed in Cunningham Park, Queens, according to a National Weather Service Storm Survey. This weak tornado was spawned by a rotating thunderstorm within a spiral rain band rotating around then Hurricane Irene several hours before it made landfall in New York City.
-On September 16, 2010, two tornadoes ripped through New York City — an EF0 in Park Slope, Brooklyn, and an EF1 in the Bayside area of Queens. Learn about the EF0, EF1, and macroburst that tore through the city
-On July 25, 2010, an EF1 tornado touched down in the Bronx.
-On August 8, 2007, numerous thunderstorms produced two tornadoes across southern New York City. An EF2 tornado touched down in Brooklyn during a severe thunderstorm, and an EF1 tornado occurred in Staten Island just prior to the EF2 tornado in Brooklyn.
-An F0 tornado and a "gustnado" occurred in Staten Island's Bullshead and Willowbrook areas on October 27, 2003, during a severe thunderstorm.
-An intense F1 tornado struck Staten Island again in October 1995, causing some property damage, but no injuries.
-In August 1990, an F0 tornado struck Staten Island, injuring three people.
-In October 1985, an F1 tornado touched down in Queens, injuring six people.
October 05, 2013
Weather forecasters are shaking their heads this weekend at a 'very rare grand slam' this weekend. This weekend the United States has a tropical storm, blizzards, tornados and extremely high fire danger in California from the Santa Ana winds. Rarely have all four lined up at the same time.
A major blizzard has hit Wyoming, Nebraska and South Dakota. An amazing amount of snow has fallen for October with extremely high winds. In Lead, South Dakota, over 50" has fallen. In Rapid City, there is two feet of snow with wind gusts hitting 67 mph.
Last night all over Iowa, there were reports of large wedge tornados on the ground.
In California, officials are concerned about the highest wind/fire combination in years. Red Flag warning has been posted all over the state. Winds could hit 60mph in sections of Southern California and if fire breaks out it could move extremely quickly into threaten communities.
Finally in the Gulf is Tropical Storm Karen. While a very weak and perhaps just depression when it hits the Gulf Coast, it completes the 'Grand Slam'. Flooding is expected from the storm.
Oh by the way, this is all taking place with the government shut down including FEMA personnel and weather resources. Way to go Republicans!
October 03, 2013
Tropical Storm Karen has formed south of Cuba and all the computer models have it heading for the Gulf Coast. While it is not expected to reach hurricane strength, the rainfall totals could be in the double digits along the coast.
The storm is expected to be caught up in front and taken up the East Coast causing torrential rainfalls along the I-95 corridor. Everyone should pay attention to this developing situation.
The storm currently has winds of 55mph.
September 27, 2013
We have another month and a half to go before we are really out of the woods this hurricane season. Remember Hurricane Sandy happened at the end of October and Hurricane Mitch was in November. There is reason to believe that the seasons are stretching out more and starting earlier and ending later.
Weather.com has put together a list of the ten most intense hurricanes in history. This list is not about the storms that killed the most people or did the most damage. It is all about intensity, power and wind speeds.
Here is their list.
1. Hurricane Wilma (2005):
The 2005 Atlantic hurricane season had already been devastating and mind-blowing enough when Wilma – the first “W” storm name ever used in the Atlantic basin – suddenly became the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record.
When Tropical Depression 24 formed on Oct. 15, expectations were high. “In fact, the GFDL [hurricane model] makes this cyclone a very intense hurricane over the northwestern Caribbean between Cuba and the Cayman Islands,” wrote Dr. Lixion Avila in the very first official National Hurricane Center technical discussion on the depression that would become Wilma.
It took several days for the system to become Hurricane Wilma over the northwest Caribbean, but not long after it did, an explosive and unprecedented period of strengthening occurred. The pressure plummeted from 980 millibars (28.94 inches) at 7 a.m. EDT on Oct. 18 to the Atlantic basin record of 882 millibars (26.05 inches) just 24 hours later, a drop of 98 millibars. Much of that breathtaking pressure fall occurred in the second half of those 24 hours. Wilma broke the records for fastest six-hour, 12-hour and 24-hour pressure drops ever recorded in an Atlantic basin tropical cyclone.
This spectacular turn of events took Wilma from a tropical storm on the morning of the 18th to a 175-mph Category 5 hurricane the following morning. As this happened, the eye contracted to an unheard-of 2 miles in diameter, the smallest known eye of an Atlantic basin hurricane.
Wilma weakened slightly on its way to the Yucatan Peninsula, but as a Category 4 storm it caused severe damage to the resort areas in and around Cancún. The slow-moving storm also dropped more than 60 inches of rain on nearby Isla Mujeres.
Later in its life, Wilma raked eastward across South Florida, causing an estimated $21 billion in damage .
2. Hurricane Gilbert (1988):
The hurricane that knocked 1935’s Labor Day storm off its perch on this list came during what had been a quiet 1988 hurricane season; there were no hurricanes until Debby and Florence in early September, both of which were brief Category 1 storms.
Gilbert came to life as a depression east of the Lesser Antilles on Sept. 8. Two days later, it became a hurricane over the eastern Caribbean, going on to rip across Jamaica as a Category 3 system. Forty-nine people died there and damage reached $4 billion.
The land interaction didn’t take the wind out of Gilbert’s sails. Once it had cleared the island, Gilbert underwent extremely rapid intensification, going from 952 millibars (28.11 inches) to a then-record 888 millibars (26.22 inches) in just 18 hours on Sept. 13. Accordingly, winds skyrocketed from 130 mph to 185 mph.
Unfortunately, all this occurred just as Gilbert was barreling toward the northern Yucatan Peninsula. Gilbert only surrendered a pinch of its strength before slamming into Cozumel, Mexico, on Sept. 14. The landfall pressure of 900 millibars (26.58 inches) is second only to the Labor Day hurricane among Western Hemisphere storms.
The result: 35,000 people lost their homes and 83 ships sank, along with a storm surge that penetrated some 3 miles inland in the Cancún-Cozumel area.
Gilbert was not finished, though; only somewhat enfeebled by passage over the Yucatan, it rolled on toward Monterrey as a Category 3 storm, unleashing monster floods that took at least half the 202 lives lost in Mexico to this storm.
3. Labor Day Hurricane (1935):
The Labor Day Hurricane is the only hurricane to make landfall in the Western Hemisphere with a measured pressure below 900 millibars.
Late on Sept. 2, as the hurricane approached the Florida Keys, the central pressure bottomed out at 892 millibars (26.35 inches) as measured at Long Key, Fla.
This hurricane, like 1992’s Hurricane Andrew, was extremely compact. Nonetheless, its narrow path through the Keys (centering on Islamorada) inflicted total devastation. Some 408 people died, many of them veterans working on the construction of U.S. Highway 1 through the Keys. Existing rail and road links across the Keys were destroyed.
For 53 years, the Labor Day Hurricane stood as the most powerful hurricane on record in the Western Hemisphere – until the next hurricane on our list.
4. Hurricane Rita (2005):
Less than a month after Katrina, Hurricane Rita went even lower on the barometer on its path through a similar region of the Gulf of Mexico.
Late on Sept. 21, Rita’s central pressure bottomed out at 895 millibars (26.43 inches) over the central Gulf of Mexico, 400 miles south-southeast of New Orleans. Winds were estimated at 180 mph at the time.
As Katrina did, Rita weakened to a Category 3 storm before making landfall early Sept. 24 over far southwest Louisiana. Still, a devastating storm surge destroyed much of Cameron Parish.
5. Hurricane Allen (1980):
Hurricane Allen may well be the most tenacious of the hurricanes on this list. Like Ivan (see No. 10), it was a Category 5 hurricane three separate times during its lifetime.
Its first such stint was over the eastern Caribbean Sea, where it bottomed out at 911 millibars (26.90 inches) on Aug. 4 about halfway between Puerto Rico and the northern coast of Venezuela. During this phase of its life, Allen took at least 220 lives in Haiti due to high winds and flooding.
Its second stint as a Category 5 came as it passed through the northwest Caribbean, the Yucatan Strait and into the southeast Gulf of Mexico. As Allen crossed the Yucatan Strait just 50 miles northeast of Cancún, Mexico, it reached its minimum central pressure of 899 millibars (26.55 inches) on Aug. 7. Sustained winds were estimated at 190 mph at that time, tying Camille for the most powerful winds of any known Atlantic hurricane.
Despite passing so close to the Yucatan Peninsula, there was little damage there. Cancún had only been founded in 1970, so the region was not nearly as highly developed as it is today.
Allen briefly weakened to a Category 4 before re-strengthening a third time, bottoming out at 909 millibars (26.84 inches) over the northwestern Gulf of Mexico, about 24 hours before making landfall near Brownsville, Texas, on Aug. 10. This reading alone would have been enough to put Allen in the top ten, but Allen’s stint near the Yucatan ranks it the fifth most powerful Atlantic hurricane on record.
Allen caused $300 million in damage and two direct deaths in South Texas, but the most potent winds and surge from Allen landed in the sparsely populated region between Brownsville and Corpus Christi.
6. Hurricane Katrina (2005):
We all remember Hurricane Katrina. It unleashed unforgettable devastation on the Mississippi Gulf Coast and, by way of levee breaches, New Orleans.
Meteorologically, you may not recall that Katrina was the first of three super powerful hurricanes with exceptionally low pressures in that record-shattering 2005 hurricane season.
An NOAA Hurricane Hunter aircraft, flying a reconnaissance mission through Katrina, found a central pressure of 902 millibars (26.64 inches) at 1:55 p.m. EDT and again at 3:23 p.m. EDT on Aug. 28. This was the first time such a low pressure had been seen in an Atlantic basin hurricane since 1988. At this time, Katrina was over the Gulf of Mexico, about 270 miles south-southeast of New Orleans.
The reading was the culmination of a rapid drop in pressure from 945 millibars (27.91 inches) at 4 p.m. on Aug. 27 to 907 millbars (26.78 inches) at 10 a.m. on Aug. 28, accompanied by a drastic increase in winds from 115 mph to 175 mph in the same time frame.
While Katrina’s winds weakened before landfall, its very large field of high-end hurricane-force winds during its time over the Gulf were a key factor in the record 27.8-foot storm surge that inundated the Mississippi Gulf Coast.
7. (Tie) Hurricane Dean (2007):
Not only did Hurricane Dean reach a minimum central pressure of 905 millibars (26.72 inches), it did so just as it made landfall on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula on Aug. 21, 2007.
Amazingly, this Category 5 landfall did not result in any deaths. Aside from the coastal city of Chetumal, most of the landfall zone was sparsely populated, and those people who were in danger took appropriate protective measures.
Unfortunately, weaker parts of Dean’s trek were not as harmless; 14 people died in Haiti and 12 in Mexico – the latter during Dean’s second, weaker landfall in the Mexican state of Veracruz, on the western shores of the Gulf of Mexico.
7. (Tie) Hurricane Mitch (1998):
Mitch’s central pressure plunged to 905 millibars (26.72 inches) on the afternoon of Oct. 26 as it hovered over the Caribbean Sea north of Honduras.
Unfortunately, Mitch was eventually shoved south into Central America, unleashing almost unimaginable amounts of rainfall. Some places may have seen more than 50 inches of rain, though the damage from mudslides and flash floods was so extensive that many rain gauges were washed away.
The human toll will never be precisely known, but it was surely horrifying. More than 10,000 people died in Central America, most of them in Honduras and Nicaragua, making Mitch the deadliest Atlantic hurricane of the 20th century.
The economic toll was also extremely harsh; the $3.8 billion of damage in Honduras amounted to 70 percent of that country’s annual gross domestic product.
7. (Tie) Hurricane Camille (1969):
Hurricane Camille bottomed out at a central pressure of 905 millibars (26.72 inches) while moving north-northwest over the central Gulf of Mexico.
It held on to much of its intensity, making landfall on the night of Aug. 17-18 with winds estimated at 190 mph and a central pressure of 909 millibars (26.84 inches) – the second-strongest landfalling hurricane by pressure in U.S. history.
The Mississippi Gulf Coast was devastated by a storm surge of up to 24.6 feet, contributing to a death toll of 143 along the Gulf Coast. Another 113 died in Virginia due to flash flooding and mudslides.
10. Hurricane Ivan (2004):
It was one of the memorable “Big Four” hurricanes of the 2004 season. It bottomed out at 910 millibars twice – once on the evening of Sept. 11 while it was between Jamaica and the Cayman Islands, and again on the afternoon of Sept. 13 near the western tip of Cuba. At both times it was a Category 5 storm.
Despite slight weakening to Category 3 status, Ivan was still a monster storm when it reached the central Gulf Coast of the U.S., bringing 10 to 15 feet of storm surge, winds estimated as high as 120 miles per hour, and 117 tornadoes. Ivan claimed 92 lives in eight countries and caused some $14 billion in damage in the U.S. alone.